Squealer and his position in "Animal Farm"
Squealer and his position in "Animal Farm" by George Orwell.
Squealer plays an important part in maintaing Napoleons power and keeping the other animals under control. He keeps turn situations into Napoleons favour. There is a lot of examples of this in Animal Farm by George Orwell.
In the beginning of the book, we meet Squealer, who is an excellent speaker, as the one who together with Snowball and Napoleon work out the theory of Animalism.
The first example of Squealers importance we can find at the end of chapter three. The milk, which mysterious had disappeared, was given to the pigs, and so was the ripened apples. Some of the other animals murmured to each other, but it was no use. All the pigs were in full agreement on this point. This is the point where Napoleon and Snowball had to use Squealers oratorical gifts. He had to convince the others about that the pigs were brainworkers and needed all the vitamins they could get. He explained to them that Mr. Jones would come back if they didnt get all the food they could get. Now the goal was reached, because no one wanted Mr. Jones back. When it was put them into this light, they had no more to say. This is just one of the proofs that tell us that Squealer has great persuasive powers, and I think that it is in this situation that Napoleon realise that Squealer may be an important part of his further plans.
This is a common way in which some governments keep control. This situation remind me so much about developing countries in Africa where the ones with power, also have all the money. They live in castles and act like counts, while the inhabitants have almost nothing to eat and live in slum areas with deadly diseases.
In chapter five, Snowball presented his new idea to build a windmill, to produce electricity to the other animals. Napoleon didnt like his idea, and saw the opportunity to realise his dream. Napoleon called nine strong dogs, who chased off Snowball. This was the start of a new epoch. Now Napoleon had Squealer and his gifts to himself. After Snowball was driven off, Napoleon made a lot of changes. Not all of them made sense to the others, and Squealer was sent out to explain and justify the new arrangements. He glorified Napoleon and his actions. What Squealer said, was that Napoleons responsibility was deep and heavy, and that not anyone should imagine that leadership was a pleasure. He made the others believe that Snowball was a criminal, that he had stolen the idea to build the windmill from Napoleon and that he all the way had been co-operating with Mr. Jones. This is the first real example where Squealer turns situations in only Napoleons favour. Napoleon get produced as a law-abiding saint by Squealer, and all the other animals have no reason to not believe Squealers word. He know so well how to be credible and Boxers words (Napoleon is always right) shows us that he really is.
This is also an example of how the governments in the real world can be and how they keep control. It can be compared with election campaigns all over the world. The people who want to win the election are fighting, and they try to dig up as much bad things about the opponents as possibly, and often they dont care if its true or not.
The last example I want to use as a evidence of Squealers significance to Napoleon, is from the last part of the book, chapter nine. One day Boxer was sent away to the horse slaughterer. Even if the animals had seen the name on the van which picked him up, Squealer managed to convince them to believe that the van had previously been the property of the butcher, and had been bought by the veterinary surgeon, who hadnt yet painted the old name out.
If it hadnt been for Squealer, I dont think that Napoleon would have succeeded in the way he did. The rebellion would have been cancelled a lot earlier and his power would have been radically weakened. I think that the other animals would have done something about the whole thing, if Squealer hadnt been there, because Napoleon wasnt much of a talker and needed Squealers help to carry through his plans.
I believe that almost every part of the book Animal Farm can be compared with governments of today. Either in Norway, China, Chile, the USA, Great Britain or any other country in the world. Everywhere there is someone who wants absolute power, but luckily, in most of the cases, they dont get in charge.
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Read an in-depth analysis of Napoleon.
Read an in-depth analysis of Snowball.
Read an in-depth analysis of Boxer.
Read an in-depth analysis of Squealer.
Read an in-depth analysis of Old Major.
Clover - A good-hearted female cart-horse and Boxer’s close friend. Clover often suspects the pigs of violating one or another of the Seven Commandments, but she repeatedly blames herself for misremembering the commandments.
Mollie - The vain, flighty mare who pulls Mr. Jones’s carriage. Mollie craves the attention of human beings and loves being groomed and pampered. She has a difficult time with her new life on Animal Farm, as she misses wearing ribbons in her mane and eating sugar cubes. She represents the petit bourgeoisie that fled from Russia a few years after the Russian Revolution.
Benjamin - The long-lived donkey who refuses to feel inspired by the Rebellion. Benjamin firmly believes that life will remain unpleasant no matter who is in charge. Of all of the animals on the farm, he alone comprehends the changes that take place, but he seems either unwilling or unable to oppose the pigs.
Muriel - The white goat who reads the Seven Commandments to Clover whenever Clover suspects the pigs of violating their prohibitions.
Mr. Jones - The often drunk farmer who runs the Manor Farm before the animals stage their Rebellion and establish Animal Farm. Mr. Jones is an unkind master who indulges himself while his animals lack food; he thus represents Tsar Nicholas II, whom the Russian Revolution ousted.
Mr. Frederick - The tough, shrewd operator of Pinchfield, a neighboring farm. Based on Adolf Hitler, the ruler of Nazi Germany in the 1930s and 1940s, Mr. Frederick proves an untrustworthy neighbor.
Mr. Pilkington - The easygoing gentleman farmer who runs Foxwood, a neighboring farm. Mr. Frederick’s bitter enemy, Mr. Pilkington represents the capitalist governments of England and the United States.
Mr. Whymper - The human solicitor whom Napoleon hires to represent Animal Farm in human society. Mr. Whymper’s entry into the Animal Farm community initiates contact between Animal Farm and human society, alarming the common animals.
Jessie and Bluebell - Two dogs, each of whom gives birth early in the novel. Napoleon takes the puppies in order to “educate” them.
Minimus - The poet pig who writes verse about Napoleon and pens the banal patriotic song “Animal Farm, Animal Farm” to replace the earlier idealistic hymn “Beasts of England,” which Old Major passes on to the others.