It really depends on how you define success or failure and it depends on how long of a time period you are looking at.
If you just look at the period of Reconstruction and right after it, Reconstruction clearly failed in my opinion. Here, I am saying it failed because blacks were not equal to whites after Reconstruction (so that's my definition of failure here). At the end of the period, blacks were still much poorer than whites and they (by late in the 1800s) were not able to vote and were subject to segregation.
Of course, if you define success differently, it did work. At the end of Reconstruction, blacks were still free. And by the end of that time, the Southern states were able to join the Union again. So if that's how you define success, it did succeed.
Some scholars argue that Reconstruction did work, but you have to look longer after Reconstruction to see it. They say that Reconstruction made black people start working for rights. They say it succeeded because the black people eventually got all the same rights as whites. They say that process started back in Reconstruction.
Was The Reconstruction A Success Or A Failure Essay
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Discuss Whether Reconstruction Was a Success or a Failure.
Reconstruction is the period of rebuilding the south that succeeded the Civil War (1861-1865). This period of time is set by the question now what? The Union won the war and most of the south was destroyed. Devastation, buildings turned into crumbles and lost crops. The South was drowning in poverty. To worsen the situation there were thousands of ex-slaves that were set free by the Emancipation Proclamation and the 13 Amendment. "All these ex-slaves", Dr. Susan Walens commented, "and no place to put them," The ex-slaves weren't just homeless but they had no rights, unlike white man. The government and congress had to solve the issues present in the south and the whole nation…show more content…
This was working alright until President Johnson, who had preceded Lincoln, order all the land under federal control to be given back to whom they were taken from (Foner). This is a big setback for reconstruction and freed slaves.
The Freedmen Bureau was the federal institution in control of those terrains given to blacks and now they had to take it back. Under the administration of O. O. Howard the bureau functions were to "establish schools, provide aide to the poor and aged, settle disputes between whites and blacks and among freedpeople, and secure for former slave and white Unionist equal treatment before court," (Foner 483). The Bureau did not have enough agents to put in action the task appointed to it in the south. The Freedmen Bureau was dissolved after five years living the black man on its own.
Something that President Johnson did to start the period of Reconstruction was to pardon all Confederates soldiers if they plead loyalty and alliance to the Union. No one was held accountable for what happened, one man was murder. Also he demanded that the states in the south abolish slavery and change their constitution in order to be accepted into the United States. Those were Andrew Johnson terms for Reconstructions. Not very efficient because it leaves all these defeated soldiers, filled with anger and violence in the streets. Then Congress tried to pass the Civil Rights bill and the 14th amendment which